History of Pipes
Pipes and pipelines have been used to carry materials from one region to another for thousands of years. Pipes have played an important part in human survival from the earliest known copper pipes used by the Egyptians in 3000BCE to today’s hi-tech oil and gas lines. According to records, a crude pipeline was used to bring natural gas to Beijing as early as 2500 BCE to provide illumination for the city.
Pipeline technology from the Roman Empire
Aqueducts were utilized by the Romans to bring fresh water from mountain springs, ensuring that drinking water was clean and devoid of human waste, so greatly improving public health. The understanding of fluid transit, cleanliness, and sanitation vanished when the Roman Empire fell apart. Diseases including dysentery, cholera, TB, and the devastating Black Death plagued Europe as it entered the insanitary Dark and Middle Ages. With the Enlightenment in the 17th and 18th centuries, there was a renewed interest in cleanliness and the remarkable engineering feats of the Romans, and pipe and pipeline technology began to develop.
Fabrication of steel pipes
After William Murdock’s technique for carrying coal gas using the severely inefficient process of connecting together the barrels of discarded muskets, methods for constructing welded steel pipes were discovered in the 1820s. The butt-welding process, invented by Comenius Whitehouse in 1825, is the cornerstone of modern pipe construction. Thin sheets of iron were heated before being dragged through a cone-shaped hole to form a pipe.
Productivity and output have increased.
Steel manufacturing expanded in volume and efficiency starting in the mid-1800s, especially with the development of the Bessemer process in 1847, and so steel pipe construction surged. Seamless pipe welding methods, in which a pipe is created by piercing a steel billet to make a tube, began to arise in the late 1800s, as pipe manufacturing skills continued to advance.
Pipelines for oil and gas were built in the early 1900s.
Drake Well, America’s first commercial oil well, was dug in Pennsylvania in 1859, igniting the country’s first oil boom. However, despite the fact that the well-produced large amounts of oil, moving the oil from the well to refineries and beyond was a significant challenge. Moving barrels via horse-drawn cart or river was slow and costly, prompting oil corporations to invest in pipeline technology, which resulted in the construction of the first successful oil pipeline in 1865. Oil firms rapidly realized that moving oil through pipeline made it less vulnerable to theft or damage, as well as being more convenient, cost-effective, and dependable. Pipelines started to sprout all over the globe as the manufacture of high-strength steel pipes increased, making it feasible to transport oil and gas across long distances.
Well now that we live in the new tech world, pipes have evolved and improvised to fit every possible you have such as ultragal pipes Malaysia and copper pipes.